What is Networking
The process of linking computers, gadgets, and systems to facilitate resource sharing and communication is known as networking. Networking in the context of information technology refers to the planning, setting up, running, and upkeep of computer networks. A computer network is an assembly of networked devices (computers, servers, routers, switches, and so on) that may exchange information and collaborate to share resources.
In networking, important ideas and elements are:
1 Security of Networks:
Network security is putting policies in place to shield resources and data against attacks, illegal access, and other security risks.
2 IP Addressing:
An Internet Protocol (IP) A number identification given to devices that communicate over the internet is known as an IP address. Every device on a network is given an IP (Internet Protocol) address, which is a unique identification. The two primary versions of IPv4 and IPv6 are Internet Protocol versions 4 and 6.
Subnetting is the process of creating smaller networks within an IP network in order to increase security and performance.
Data is directed between devices on various networks through a technique called routing. One important piece of equipment in this procedure are routers.
Switching is the process of sending data across a network, usually a local area network (LAN). Devices known as switches function at the OSI model’s data link layer.
Network security tools called firewalls function as a barrier between untrusted external networks and trusted internal networks by regulating and monitoring incoming and outgoing network traffic.
The norms and guidelines that control communication between devices on a network are known as networking protocols. SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), and TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) are a few examples.
Connections between nodes are known as links. Wireless connectivity or actual wired connections are also possible.
9 Wireless Networking:
Wi-Fi and other wireless technologies are used in many networks in addition to traditional connectivity. Device mobility and flexibility are made possible via wireless networks.
Internet connectivity, local and wide-area network performance, cloud computing, and many other features of contemporary computing are all dependent on networking. Communication, cooperation, and resource sharing between many systems and places are made possible by this essential part of the infrastructure for information technology.